Cywilizacja rosyjska w perspektywie eurazjatyckiej

  1. Karolina Blecharczyk


Civilization of Russia in euroasiatic interpretation

Eurasianism is a part of Russian nationalist and antioccidental movement, which becomes increasingly popular in contemporary Russia. In 1920 a group of Russian emigrants (Nikolai Trubetzkoy, Peter Savitsky, Lev Karsvin, Peter Suvchinsky, Georges Florovsky) published set of articles with new worldview whereby the Russian culture is independent and unique as an amalgamation of European and Asiatic influences. Moreover, they were convinced that the October Revolution was a chance to bring back Russian statehood related to tradition of The Grand Duchy of Moscow with witch Peter The Great broke up. They also supported isolation of Russia to resurgence its basic, authentic and eastern culture. Despite some efforts to make this movement political, in 1930s Eurasianism became extinct. Until 1990s its only adherent was Lev Gumilev. The most popular contemporary ideologist of Eurasianism is Aleksanr Dugin, the leader of National Bolshevik Party and Eurasia Party. He exhort to establish the supranational, Orthodox Slavic-Turkish community and fighting against Judaism and Anglo-Saxon civilization. Inspired by the idea of Moscow — The Third Rome, he consider Russian nation as chosen by Holy Spirit to complete a mission of world salvation.

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Forum Socjologiczne

5, 2014

Pages from 137 to 150

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