Transformation as a macro-structural change
In the paper, an attempt is made at providing answer to the question whether it is possible to develop the theory of transformation as a general theory of change. After considering different theories of change, we have found P. Sztompka’s theory of structural-functional field the most adequate. Applied to specific Polish conditions, it allows to determine change causes of exogenous (changes in Soviet Union, interaction of the West) and endogenous nature (aspiration for political sovereignty and pressure on satisfaction of consumerist needs). The macro-structural change was also overlapped with consequences of individual and collective decisions that always include a risk factor on micro-, mezzo-, and macro-structural level.